About


This website provides Historical Climate Data from the Arctic. The database gathers data from historical arctic expeditions, transcriptions from ship logbooks and arctic station measurements.


Photos: Dege. W. (1954): Wettertrupp Haudegen - Eine deutsche Arktisexpedition 1944/1945 (left); Lugeon J., Centkiewicz C., Lysakowski, W. (1936): Resultats des observations de l'expedition polonaise de l'annee polaire 1932/1933 a l'ile des ours (right)

You can browse and download:
  • subdaily air temperature data from 13 arctic weather stations
  • subdaily pressure data from 9 arctic weather stations
  • subdaily relative humidity data from 9 arctic weather stations
  • subdaily water vapour pressure data from 9 arctic weather stations
  • daily air temperature data from 18 arctic weather stations
  • monthly air temperature data from 89 arctic weather stations
  • monthly pressure data from 79 arctic weather stations
for the period 1814-1920.

The data provided on these pages was obtained during various collaborative research projects at the Department of Meteorology and Climatology , Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń:

funded by the National Science Center Poland, Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNSW) and Polish-Norwegian Fund.

News

September 2017: Sets of air humidity hourly data from IPY-1 1822/83 are available.

Acknowledgements

The Historical Arctic Database bases on results from projects funded by the National Science Center Poland, Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNSW) and Polish-Norwegian Fund.


National Science Center
Poland

Terms of Use

The data provided can be used freely for non-commercial purposes. No warrany is given for the correctness and completeness of the data. Using this data please cite the respective references listed below.

References

Pressure data: Przybylak R., Wyszyński P., Vizi Z., Jankowska J. 2013. Atmospheric pressure changes in the Arctic from 1801 to 1920. Int. J. Climatol. 33: 1730-1760. DOI: 10.1002/joc.3546.

Temperature data for the whole Arctic: Przybylak R., Vizi Z., Wyszyński P. 2010. Air temperature changes in the Arctic from 1801 to 1920. Int. J. Climatol. 30: 791-812. DOI: 10.1002/joc.1918.

​Temperature data for Svalbard: Przybylak, R., Wyszyński, P., Nordli, Ø. and Strzyżewski, T. (2016), Air temperature changes in Svalbard and the surrounding seas from 1865 to 1920. Int. J. Climatol., 36: 2899–2916. doi:10.1002/joc.4527.

Daily temperature data for the Canadian Arctic: Przybylak, R. and Vizi, Z. (2005), Air temperature changes in the Canadian Arctic from the early instrumental period to modern times. Int. J. Climatol., 25: 1507–1522. doi:10.1002/joc.1213.

Temperature data for Novaya Zemlya Region: Przybylak, R. and Wyszyński, P. (2017), Air temperature in Novaya Zemlya Archipelago and Vaygach Island from 1832 to 1920 in the light of early instrumental data. Int. J. Climatol., 37: 3491–3508. doi:10.1002/joc.4934.

Humidity: Wyszyński P. and Przybylak R. (2014), Variability of humidity conditions in the Arctic during the first International Polar Year, 1882–83. Polar Research , 33, 23896, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v33.23896